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Sample Forecast for Worldwide

Summary for the World

Synopsis: La Niña is favored to develop (~70% chance) during the Northern Hemisphere fall 2016 and slightly favored to persist (~55% chance) during winter 2016-17.

ENSO-Neutral conditions were observed during September, with negative sea surface temperatures (SSTs) anomalies expanding across the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean by early October. All of the Niño regions cooled considerably during late September and early October, with the latest weekly value of Niño-3.4 index at -0.9°C. Subsurface temperature anomalies also decreased toward the end of the month, reflecting the strengthening of below-average temperatures at depth in the east-central equatorial Pacific. Atmospheric anomalies across the equatorial Pacific edged toward La Niña during September, with a stronger tendency toward La Niña late in the month. The traditional Southern Oscillation index and the equatorial Southern Oscillation index were positive. The lower-level winds were near average across most of the basin during the month, but enhanced easterlies were becoming more persistent west of the International Date Line. Upper-level winds were anomalously westerly near and just east of the International Date Line. Convection was weakly suppressed over the central tropical Pacific and was more enhanced over Indonesia compared to last month. Overall, the combined ocean and atmosphere system reflects ENSO-Neutral during September, but are more clearly trending toward La Niña conditions.

The multi-model averages favor borderline Neutral-La Niña conditions (3-month average Niño-3.4 index less than or equal to -0.5°C) persisting during the Northern Hemisphere fall and continuing into the winter. Because of the recent cooling in the Niño-3.4 region and signs of renewed atmospheric coupling, the forecaster consensus now favors the formation of a weak La Niña in the near term, becoming less confident that La Niña will persist through the winter. In summary, La Niña is favored to develop (~70% chance) during the Northern Hemisphere fall 2016 and slightly favored to persist (~55%% chance) during winter 2016-17.

January Wind

Most landmasses will experience average wind conditions except for eastern South America and New Zealand and Tasmania and the eastern Caribbean that should all have lower than normal winds over the month. Also Northeast African parts of East Africa should have lower than normal winds for the month as well as the southern parts of West African countries and East Asia. Higher than average winds are expected in the North Pacific and North Atlantic through to the UK.

January Solar Radiation

Much of the northern half of the northern hemisphere should be near normal while the mid-latitudes and tropics should be slightly below normal and the southern latitudes near normal except much of Australia and eastern Brazil that should be below normal along with most of north and west Africa and also parts of southern Africa. New Zealand and southern South America and Southern Africa should be near normal.

January Temperature Extreme Forecast Index

Much of Central North America and South America are forecast as usually low while similar conditions prevail in much of Africa and China and Central Asia and Northwest. Unusually cold events are forecast for the Arctic and Argentina. The eastern South Pacific and insular SE Asia plus the eastern seaboard of China are all forecast to experience unusually warm outbreaks. Much of Africa is either usually low or usually high with no extremes foreast.

January Precipitation Extreme Forecast Index

In the western hemisphere low precipitation events are forecast for the Canadian arctic. Higher than normal rainfall events area also expected in northeast Brazil and Argentina and Bolivia. Usual high is forecast for Hawaii.

In SE Asia and Australia unusually low rainfall is forecast through the western island portion of the region and southern China and in northern Australia. Unusually high rainfall is expected in the interior of China and along the eastern seaboard. In insular SE Asia Luzon could experience unusually high rainfall as well as areas of the South China Sea and also the western Pacific ocean. The rest of the region has usually low or usually high conditions forecast.

Extreme rainfall events are possible in Ethiopia and also in the north central Africa as well as far southern Africa. Through much of Europe and continental north Asia usual normal conditions prevail.

January Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly

Warmer than normal conditions prevail in the western North Atlantic and near normal conditions elsewhere. In the South Atlantic warmer than normal conditions prevail except along the coast of southern Brazil and Argentina that are cooler than normal.

The Northern Pacific is near normal with ENSO neutral conditions prevailing with cooler to near normal waters in the eastern tropical Pacific. The far northern Pacific should be considerably warmer than normal as well as the Arctic sea. The South Pacific is warmer than normal off the South American coast and also in the western South Pacific near Australia and New Zealand while the central South Pacific is near normal.

The Indian Ocean is warmer than normal from north to south in the eastern region near Indonesia, and normal to cooler than normal South of India and Sri Lanka with cooler than normal water off the coast of Africa and also off the coast of southwestern Australia.

January Global Precipitation Anomaly

North and South America near normal with slightly wetter conditions also northern and northeast South America and the very far southern tip of the continent.

Southeast Asia looks near normal north of the Equator and wetter than normal south of Equator while India is near normal. Just near the equator in the Central to western Pacific it should be much drier than normal. Much of Bangladesh and western Myanmar is likely to be wetter than normal and most of southern China wetter than normal and north Asia near normal to slightly wetter than normal.

Much of Africa should be near normal except from Cameroon and to the west that should be wetter than normal. The Middle East and western central Asia should be near normal. Europe should be near normal.

January Global Temperature Anomaly

Much of North America, the Caribbean, and Central and northern South America should be warmer than normal except for western Mexico that should be cooler than normal. Argentina and Southern Brazil should be cooler than normal.

New Zealand should be near normal. Southwestern and central Australia cooler than normal and all of east and Southeast Asia should be warmer than normal with India and eastern Pakistan near normal. Southwest India should be warmer than normal as well as western China and Tibet. East Asia and Northeast Asia should be slightly to moderately cooler than normal.

Central Africa should be cooler than normal and Southern Africa warmer than normal. The Middle East and Iran and Afghanistan should be cooler than normal. The Arctic should be considerably warmer than normal. Most of Europe should be near normal except the Central Europe that could be moderately cooler than normal.